After 120 years of gold mining, the land and water on Gautengs far West Rand are some of the most polluted in the country.
The mine dumps that dot the area west of Johannesburg have been identified as public health risks. One of the biggest problems is uranium seeping into the watercourses, turning the sediment both poisonous and radioactive.
Ecologists, the community and the mines all agree that the mine dumps must go. But no-one can agree what to do with them.
This edition of Special Assignment takes a look at community resistance against two proposals to reprocess the mine dumps and relocate the resulting waste. Communities are clashing with the mines over two proposed superdumps mega-mine dumps proposed for Fochville and Randfontein.
Should these communities suffer for the health of the entire region? And what impact will these superdumps have on food security?